Familialism is an ideology that promotes the family of the Western tradition as an institution. Familialism views the nuclear family of one father, one mother, and their child or children as the central and primary social unit of human ordering and the principal unit of a functioning society and civilization. This unit is also the basis of a multi-generational extended family, which is embedded in socially as well as genetically inter-related communities, nations, etc., and ultimately in the whole human family past, present and future. Familialism advocates Western "family values" and usually opposes other social forms and models that are alternative to such family values (i.e. single-parent, polygamy, LGBT parenting, etc.). A typical trait of familialism is the insistence that "normality" resides in the patriarchal nuclear family.There are then three sections of criticism, where it is argued that familialism is a counterproductive relic of the 1950s. There is no indication that anyone believes it to be a good thing.
Familialism is usually considered conservative or reactionary by its critics who argue that it is limited, outmoded and unproductive in modern Western society. As a social construct imposed on non-Western cultures, it has been criticized as being destructive. Its prevalence in psychoanalysis has been criticized, and its antagonistic relationship with LGBT culture has been noted.
Conservatives usually consider the merits of the nuclear family to be self-evident. There are hundreds of studies on society's ills, and they are always found to be associated to family breakdowns or single-parent families. Conservatives are probably not even aware that academic scholars hold the American nuclear family in such contempt.
Wikipedia also defines this related ideology:
Complementarianism is a theological view held by some in Christianity and other world religions, such as Islam, that men and women have different but complementary roles and responsibilities in marriage, family life, religious leadership, and elsewhere.Really? Is that just a theological view that a few Christians and Moslems have? It seems to me that every civilization has been dominated by citizens who believe that men and women have different but complementary roles and responsibilities. And that includes societies that are not religious, such as Japan.